Philadelphia Reflections

The musings of a physician who has served the community for over six decades

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Westphalia: Church Politics Adjusts Boundaries, Then Everything Changes
In 1648, the Treaty of Westphalia created the modern nation-state.

Prohibitory Act of the British Parliament -- 1775
This is the British Act which started the Revolutionary War. The two Legislative bodies should have known better than to react in haste, but the British Parliament in London and its opponent the Continental Congress in Philadelphia -- started a Revolutionary War. Apparently Lord North issued a Prohibitory Act and John Adams responded to it, but the real hotheads were Charles Townsend and William Bradford. Everybody involved thought Independence was an improbable outcome.

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C3..........The Clouds Darken 1763-1776

New England wanted to fight for Independence but they knew they were too small, so they tried to enlist twelve contiguous allies by logic, but the British attacked with almost overwhelming force before that happened. Just who remembered the Treaty of Westphalia is unclear, but it had the effect of unifying the contiguous colonies behind Independence. The most serious obstacles were the Quakers, who withdrew from politics in order to avoid a choice between national and domestic resistance.

Originally published: Tuesday, August 27, 2019; most-recently modified: Thursday, August 29, 2019

 

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