PHILADELPHIA REFLECTIONS
Musings of a Philadelphia Physician who has served the community for six decades

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Charter of Pennsylvania, from Charles II to William Penn
William Penn suggested what he wanted, and the Royal bureaucracy suggested suitable modifications of the gift. The resulting charter is a shrewd and fair legal document, but contained a major geographical error.

Navigation and Mineral Rights

{Delaware Bays}
Delaware Bays

Wee doe alsoe give and grant unto the said William Penn his heires and Assignes The free and undisturbed use and continuance in and passage into and out of all and singular Ports, Harbours, Bayes, Waters, Rivers, Isles and Inletts belonging unto and {or} leading to and from the Country or Islands aforesaid. And all the Soyle, Lands, Feilds, woods underwoods, mountaines, hills, Fenns Isles, Lakes, Rivers, Waters, Rivuletts, Bayes and Inletts scituate or being within or belonging unto the Limitts and bounds aforesaid together with the fishing of all sorts of Fish whales {sturgeons} and all Royall and other Fishes in the Sea Bayes, Inletts, waters or Rivers within the premisses and the Fish therein taken. And alsoe all veines, Mines, and Quarries as well discovered as not discovered, of gold, silver, gemms, and other {pretious} stones and all other whatsoever bee it of stones, mettalls, or of any other thing or matter whatsoever, found or to be found within the Country, Isles, or limitts aforesaid.

(1770)

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